Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Chronologie of John Locke. Retrieved from

  Chronology of John Locke’s Life

  Related Links in the GSR: John Locke
  Related Links: John Locke
  Topic: Religious Toleration
  Source: John Locke, A Letter concerning Toleration and Other Writings, edited and with an Introduction by Mark Goldie (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2010). Chapter: Chronology of Locke's Life.
  Copyright: The copyright to this edition, in both print and electronic forms, is held by Liberty Fund, Inc.
  Fair Use: This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.

  1632 Born at Wrington, Somerset, 29 August

  1642 Outbreak of the Civil Wars

  1643 Troops of Col. Popham, Locke’s future patron, despoil Wells Cathedral

  1645 Defeat of Charles I at Naseby by Oliver Cromwell

  1647 Admitted to Westminster School, London

  1648 Treaty of Westphalia ends European Thirty Years’ War

  1649 Execution of Charles I; England a republic

  1651 Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

  1652 Elected a Student of Christ Church, Oxford

  1652–67 Usually resident in Oxford

  1655 Graduates as a bachelor of arts

  1658 Graduates as a master of arts; death of Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell

  1660 Restoration of monarchy under Charles II

  1660–62 Writes Two Tracts on Government, against toleration (published 1967)

  1661–64 Lecturer in Greek, rhetoric, and moral philosophy

  1662 Act of Uniformity reimposes Anglicanism; dissenting worship illegal

  1663 Attends chemical and medical lectures

  1663–64 Writes Essays on the Law of Nature (published 1954)

  1665–66 Embassy secretary sent to the Elector of Brandenburg at Cleves (Kleve)

  Licensed to practice medicine
  Granted dispensation to retain Studentship without taking holy orders
  Great Fire of London

  Joins Lord Ashley’s household; usually resident in London until 1675.
  Writes Essay Concerning Toleration (published 1876)

  Oversees lifesaving operation on Ashley
  Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society

  1669 Helps draft The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina

  1670 Baruch Spinoza, Tractatus Theologico-Politicus

  Secretary to the Lords Proprietors of Carolina (until 1675)
  First drafts of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

  Ashley created Earl of Shaftesbury and Lord Chancellor
  Appointed secretary for ecclesiastical presentations (to 1673)
  First visit to France
  Samuel Pufendorf, On the Law of Nature and Nations

  Secretary to the Council of Trade and Plantations (to 1674)
  Charles II’s brother and heir, James, Duke of York, converts to Catholicism
  Shaftesbury ousted from office; begins to lead opposition

  Shaftesburian manifesto, A Letter from a Person of Quality
  Graduates as a bachelor of medicine
  To France; chiefly resident at Montpellier until 1677; then mainly Paris

  1676 Translates three of Pierre Nicole’s Essais de Morale

  Repeal of writ De haeretico comburendo, abolishing burning for heresy
  Andrew Marvell, An Account of the Growth of Popery

  1678 Popish Plot revealed; executions of Catholics follow (to 1681)

  Returns to England
  Habeas Corpus Act

  Exclusion Crisis; Whigs seek to exclude Catholic heir from the throne
  Whig victory in three general elections, but Whigs outmaneuvered by the king

  1680 Signs London’s “monster petition,” demanding sitting of Parliament

  Resides in London, Oxford, and Oakley (James Tyrrell’s home)
  Writes Two Treatises of Government

  Writes a defense of toleration against Edward Stillingfleet
  Assists Shaftesbury at the Oxford Parliament
  Oxford Parliament dismissed; Charles summons no more parliaments
  Beginning of royal and Tory backlash against Whigs and dissenters
  Shaftesbury accused of treason; charge dismissed by a Whig grand jury

  1682 Court coup against Whigs in City of London; Shaftesbury flees to Holland

  Death of Shaftesbury in Holland; Locke attends funeral in Dorset
  Whig Rye House Plot, to assassinate the king, exposed
  Executions of Lord William Russell and Algernon Sidney
  Earl of Essex’s suicide in the Tower; Whigs suspect state murder
  Judgment and Decree of Oxford University against seditious doctrines

  1683–89 Exile in Holland; lives mainly in Utrecht, Amsterdam, and Rotterdam

  1684 Expelled in absentia from Studentship of Christ Church

  Death of Charles II; accession of James II and VII
  Abortive rebellion of the Whig Duke of Monmouth; his execution
  Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes; persecution of Huguenots
  Writes Epistola de Tolerantia (Letter Concerning Toleration)

  1686 Pierre Bayle, Philosophical Commentary on religious persecution

  1687 James II issues Declaration of Indulgence (edict of toleration)

  Reviews Newton’s Principia Mathematica for Bibliothèque universelle
  Culmination of resistance to James II’s Catholicizing policies
  “Glorious Revolution”: invasion of England by William of Orange
  James II overthrown and flees to France

  National Convention installs King William and Queen Mary
  Nine Years’ War against Louis XIV opens
  Toleration Act: freedom of worship for Protestant dissenters
  Returns to England; declines an ambassadorship
  Appointed Commissioner of Appeals in Excise
  Publication of A Letter Concerning Toleration
  Publication of Two Treatises of Government
  Publication of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

  Battle of the Boyne: William defeats Jacobites in Ireland
  Letter Concerning Toleration attacked by Jonas Proast
  Publication of A Second Letter Concerning Toleration

  Publication of Some Considerations of the . . . Lowering of Interest
  Settles at Oates in Essex in Damaris Masham’s household

  Publication of A Third Letter for Toleration
  Memorandum on the naturalization of immigrants

  1693 Publication of Some Thoughts Concerning Education

  Founding of the Bank of England; invests 500
  Triennial Act, requiring regular parliamentary elections

  Advises on the ending of press censorship and the recoinage
  Publication of The Reasonableness of Christianity
  The Reasonableness attacked by John Edwards; publishes Vindication
  Publication of Further Considerations Concerning . . . Money

  Appointed a member of the Board of Trade and Plantations (to 1700)
  The Essay attacked by Bishop Edward Stillingfleet
  John Toland, Christianity not Mysterious
  Pierre Bayle, Historical and Critical Dictionary

  Treaty of Ryswick: temporary peace with France
  Publication of Second Vindication of the Reasonableness of Christianity
  Publication of two replies to Stillingfleet in defense of the Essay
  Composes An Essay on the Poor Law
  Composes report on the government of Virginia
  Composes The Conduct of the Understanding
  Thomas Aikenhead hanged at Edinburgh, Britain’s last heresy execution

  Molyneux’s Case of Ireland cites Two Treatises in defense of Ireland
  Algernon Sidney, Discourses Concerning Government (posthumous)

  Act of Settlement, ensuring Protestant (Hanoverian) succession
  Renewal of war against France

  Final visit to London
  Composes A Discourse on Miracles
  Death of William III; accession of Queen Anne
  World’s first daily newspaper, in London

  1703 First major critique of Two Treatises, by Charles Leslie

  Completes A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St. Paul
  Battle of Blenheim: Duke of Marlborough’s victory over France
  Capture of Gibraltar begins Britain’s Mediterranean naval dominance
  Dies at Oates, 28 October; buried in High Laver churchyard, Essex

  1705–7 Publication of A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St. Paul

  1706 Publication of the unfinished Fourth Letter for Toleration

  1710 First French and German editions of A Letter Concerning Toleration

  1714 First edition of the Works of Locke

  1743 First American edition of A Letter Concerning Toleration

  1764 Voltaire’s edition of A Letter Concerning Toleration

  1765 Thomas Hollis’s edition of the Letters Concerning Toleration

  Last modified April 13, 2016

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